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  • Spondylodiscitis



    Spondylodiscitis is an infection of the intervertebral discs (between the vertebrae) along with the vertebrae .

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  • Skeletal Dysplasia

    Skeletal Dysplasia

    Skeletal dysplasia, also called osteochondrodysplasia, is the term used for growth or developmental disorders of the bone and cartilage.

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  • Pseudarthrosis/Nonunion


    Pseudarthrosis is an unhealed broken bone, also known as nonunion. Usually, damaged or broken bones heal over time...

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  • Cervicogenic Headache

    Cervicogenic Headache

    Cervicogenic headaches involve pain in one or both sides of your head that radiates from your neck to the front of the head.

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  • Spinal Compression Fractures

    Spinal Compression Fractures

    A compression fracture of the vertebra occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) collapse. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the...

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  • Spinal Disorders

    Spinal Disorders

    Common spinal disorders include Degenerative disc disease (DDD), Herniated disc, Stenosis, Spondylolisthesis...

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  • Spinal Fractures

    Spinal Fractures

    Vertebral compression fractures occur when the normal vertebral body of the spine is squeezed or compressed.

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  • Spinal Instability

    Spinal Instability

    Spinal instability refers to the condition of failure of the spinal column to maintain its normal structure...

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  • Back Pain

    Back Pain

    Back pain or backache is the pain felt in the back that may originate from damage to the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.

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  • Spine Deformities

    Spine Deformities

    The conditions causing Spine Deformities symptoms include Scoliosis, Lordosis and Kyphosis.

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  • Chiari Malformation

    Chiari Malformation

    Chiari Malformation (CM) is a condition in which the brain tissue extends into your spinal canal.

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  • Trigeminal Neuralgia

    Trigeminal Neuralgia

    Trigeminal neuralgia is a sharp, shooting, severe pain felt along the path of an irritated or damaged trigeminal nerve...

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  • Spinal Tumors

    Spinal Tumors

    A spine tumor is the abnormal growth of uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord.

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  • Spine Injuries in Athletes

    Spine Injuries in Athletes

    Spine injuries in athletes are defined as damage sustained by the spine as a result of physical trauma or overuse in people who are actively involved in sports.

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  • Cauda Equina Syndrome

    Cauda Equina Syndrome

    What Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency condition characterized by persistent severe lower back pain caused by the compression of a...

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  • Kyphosis


    Kyphosis is a condition of abnormal curvature of the spine that causes rounding of the upper back or a hunchback.

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  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

    Sacroiliac joint dysfunction or sacroiliac joint pain is one of the common causes of low back pain.

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  • Spondyloarthropathies


    Spondyloarthropathies are a group of chronic inflammatory diseases of the spine and joints. Spondyloarthropathies can occur at any age...

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  • Lordosis


    Lordosis may develop during childhood as a benign condition or later in life because of poor posture...

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  • Spinal Infection

    Spinal Infection

    A spinal infection is described as an infection of the spine. It can occur in various locations of the spine...

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  • Proximal Junctional Kyphosis

    Proximal Junctional Kyphosis

    Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a common complication following adult spinal deformity surgery or a long spinal fusion.

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  • Degenerative Spinal Conditions

    Degenerative Spinal Conditions

    Degenerative spinal conditions refer to a gradual loss of normal structure and/or function of the spine over time.

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  • Sagittal Imbalance

    Sagittal Imbalance

    The relationship of the head and the pelvis resulting in an imbalance of the spine called sagittal imbalance.

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  • Spine Trauma

    Spine Trauma

    Spine trauma is defined as an injury or damage to any region of the spine.

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  • Peripheral Nerve Compression

    Peripheral Nerve Compression

    Peripheral nerve compression occurs when a nerve is compacted or squeezed through repetitive activities or trapped by swelling due to acute injuries.

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  • Spina Bifida

    Spina Bifida

    Spina bifida is a congenital condition (birth defect) in which there is abnormal development of the back bones, spinal cord...

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  • Whiplash


    Whiplash is a soft tissue injury to the neck, usually caused by a sudden forceful jerk commonly occurring because of an automobile accident...

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  • Spine Bone Spurs

    Spine Bone Spurs

    Spine bone spurs, also called osteophytes, are bony projections that develop in the spine’s facet joints where cartilage has worn out...

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  • Adult Degenerative Scoliosis

    Adult Degenerative Scoliosis

    Adult degenerative scoliosis is characterized by side to side or lateral bending of the spine in adults.

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  • Spine Arthritis

    Spine Arthritis

    Spine arthritis is a condition characterized by the inflammation, degeneration, or wearing out of cartilage in the joints of the spine.

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  • Osteoporosis of the Spine

    Osteoporosis of the Spine

    Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density resulting in brittle, fragile bones...

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  • Piriformis Syndrome

    Piriformis Syndrome

    Piriformis Syndrome is an uncommon, rare neuromuscular condition caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle.

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  • Disc Changes

    Disc Changes

    The cartilaginous disc is made up of an outer fibrous layer called the annulus fibrosus, which surrounds an inner gelatinous...

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  • Osteoporotic Fractures

    Osteoporotic Fractures

    Osteoporotic fractures are breaks in your bones caused by osteoporosis. A mild fall or twisting and simple acts like bending over...

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